Over 60 years of medical research regarding Transsexualism (modern HBS) specify that there is NO evidence whatsoever that any psychological or environmental factors cause Transsexualism-HBS. All of the medical research done to date indicates conclusively that physiological (neurological, genetic)
factors are the sole cause of Transsexualism-HBS. -Dr Henk Asscheman, MD, PhD
(The Netherlands). Professor Michael Besser, DSC, MD, FRCP, SmedSci. (UK). Dr Susan
Carr, MPhil. MFFFP. DDRCOG. (UK). Dr Domenico di Ceglie, FRCPsych., DIP. PSICHIAT (Italy) (Child Section)
(UK). Professor Milton Diamond , PhD (Chair) (USA). Professor Richard Green, MD, JD,
FRCPsych. (UK). Professor Louis Gooren, MD, PhD (The Netherlands). Dr Frank Kruijver,
MD (The Netherlands). Dr Joyce Martin, MRCGP, MB ChB, D.Obst.RCOG. (UK). Dr Zoe-Jane
Playdon, BA(Hons), PGCE, MA, MEd, PhD, DBA, FRSA. (UK). Mr David Ralph, MBBS, BSc, FRCS, MS. (UK). Mrs Terry Reed, JP, BA(Hons), MCSP, SRP, Grad Dip Phys. (UK). Dr Russell Reid, MB. ChB, FRCPsych.
(UK). Professor William Reiner, MD. (USA). Mr M. Royle, MBBS, FRCS (Urol) (UK). Professor Dick Swaab , MD, PhD. (The Netherlands). Mr Timothy Terry, BSc, MB, BS, LRCP, FRCS (Urol),
MS (UK). Mr Philip Thomas MBBS, FRCS (Urol). (UK). Professor James Walker, MD, FRCP,
FRCOG. (UK). Dr Philip Wilson, DPhil MRCP MRCPCH FRCGP. (UK). Dr Kevan Wylie, MB,
MmedSc, MD, MRCPsych, DSM. (UK).
"Transsexualism (HBS) is now regarded by the world's leading experts in the field as another of the
many biological variations that occur in human sexual formation -an intersex condition- where the sex indicated by the phenotype
and genotype is opposite the morphological sex of the brain. People with the condition of transsexualism (HBS) are
therefore born with both male and female characteristics and, like many others with atypical sexual development, seek rehabilitation
of their phenotype and endocrinology to accord with their dominant sexual identity; an identity which is determined
by the structure of the brain. Transsexualism (HBS) is about being a particular sex, not doing it. It is
also about recognising gender norms, not challenging them." -Karen Gurney & Eithne
Mills. 2005. Murdoch
University Electronic Journal of Law, Vol 12, No #1 & #2
“There should be no escape for medical and legal
authorities that these definitions ought to be corrected and updated when new information becomes available, particularly
when our outdated definitions bring suffering to some of our fellow human beings." - Professor Louis Gooren, MD. 2004, regarding current terminologies still in use for Harry Benjamin's Syndrome (old Transsexualism).
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